Title: Frank James or Henry Clements

Description: Charcoal portrait drawing of one of the guerrillas signed by the artist. Below the aritst's name, handwritten in black ink is "Henry Clements (?)" and below that in different handwriting in blue ink is "F. James (?)." Some sources mention a Henry Clements, brother of Arch Clements, among Quantrill's guerrillas, but the 1860 U.S. census indicates Henry to be only 5 years old, and therefore unlikely to be a guerrilla. This portrait appears more likely to be Frank James.

Biographical Note: Frank James, the older brother of Jesse, first joined the Missouri State Guard, but later became a member of Quantrill’s guerrillas. Frank took part in many Civil War battles and skirmishes, including the raid on Lawrence, Kansas, August 21, 1863, and the Centralia massacre. He surrendered at Samuel’s Depot, Kentucky, at the end of the war. He was a member of the James-Younger gang and participated in numerous robberies, and although tried for some of these, was acquitted. He died of a stroke February 15, 1915. He is buried in the Hill family private cemetery near Kansas City.

See Also: "Portraits of Conflict: A Photographic History of Missouri in the Civil War," p. 152 [MVSC Q 977.803 B67P].

Creator: Anna Lee (Dillenbeck) Stacey

Date: Circa 1890s

Subject: Charcoal drawings; Criminals; Guerrillas; Portrait drawings;

Local Subject: Border Warfare; Bushwhackers; Civil War; Outlaws; James, Frank; Clements, Henry;

Location: MVO-54F

Notes: The portrait was separated from the original mat board. It is believed that most if not all of Anna Stacey's drawings were made from photographs. The MVO (Missouri Valley Oversize) is composed of various types of art work including paintings, sculpture, drawings and sketches, large-size photographs, posters, and other miscellaneous items.

Item Type: Art Work, 14 x 18 in.

Digital Format: Tiff imported as jpeg2000

Barcode: 10023085

Repository: Missouri Valley Special Collections, Kansas City Public Library, Kansas City, Missouri

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