Heeding the Call

Chester Arthur Franklin

Chester Arthur Franklin

The Kansas City Call

The Kansas City Call

The first edition of the Kansas City Call was published on May 6, 1919. It was one of 22 newspapers published by Kansas City’s African American community near the beginning of the 20th century, but the only one that survived past 1943. From an inauspicious four page paper, the paper soon grew to one of the most successful black newspapers in the nation.

The Call’s founder, Chester Arthur Franklin, was born in 1880 in Denison, Texas. He moved with his family to Omaha, Nebraska in 1887, where his father founded the Omaha Enterprise newspaper to advocate for blacks in Omaha. Just two years later, his father’s health declined and the family moved to Colorado on the advice of doctors who thought the climate might improve his condition. There the Franklins purchased another black newspaper, the Star. By the time Chester’s father died in 1901, Chester and his mother, Clara Franklin, were already successfully running that newspaper themselves.

By 1913 Chester Franklin had considerable experience in the newspaper business, but he wanted to reach a broader audience. He moved to Kansas City, which had a larger African American population, and entered into the printing business until he could gain the resources and local reputation required to open another newspaper. On May 6, 1919, he finally founded the Kansas City Call newspaper, which he would own and edit until his death in 1955.

The new business resided at 1311 East 18th Street in a small 800 square foot building. Under Franklin’s leadership, the Call served as more than a news source for the black community. It advocated for equality and served as the most tangible public voice of the black community. In 1922, the Call’s success already necessitated a new, larger building that was located at 1715 East 18th Street.

The newspaper especially thrived after it hired Editor Roy Wilkins in 1923. Wilkins, who went on to be the executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1955, provided thought-provoking articles for the Call in his regular column, “Talking It Over.” The paper even came to rival one of the nation’s most eminent black newspapers, the Chicago Defender.

In the 1920s and 1930s the Call helped the African American community win several local battles for civil rights. Blacks gained the right to serve on juries in Kansas City. Segregation laws in employment and housing were reduced, although not defeated outright. In one case, Wilkins and the Call led boycotts against a bakery that resulted in the hiring of black truck drivers. A more controversial, but persistent, message in the Call advocated a reduction of violence within the black community itself. A political conservative at heart, Franklin believed strongly that the black community needed to help themselves as much as they required equal rights.

When Chester Franklin died in 1955, his wife, Ada Franklin, and another editor, Lucile Bluford, a graduate of the University of Kansas with a degree in journalism, took over the paper and continued its legacy. (The Lucile H. Bluford Branch of the Kansas City Public Library is named in her honor.) The newspaper remained among the six most widely-circulated black newspapers in the nation. Today the Kansas City Call still advocates in the interests of the African American community from the 18th Street location that Chester Franklin purchased in 1922.

Read full biographical sketches of people involved with the Kansas City Call, prepared for the Missouri Valley Special Collections, The Kansas City Public Library:

Visit the Kansas City Call’s official website.

View images relating to Chester Franklin and the Kansas City Call from the Missouri Valley Special Collections:

Check out the following books and articles about Chester Franklin and the Kansas City Call:

Continue researching Chester Franklin and the Kansas City Call using archival material held by the Missouri Valley Special Collections:

To conduct further research using archival material, check out the “Franklin Collection” at the Black Archives of Mid-America in Kansas City.

References:

A. Theodore Brown and Lyle W. Dorsett, KC: A History of Kansas City, Missouri (Boulder, CO: Pruett Pub. Co., 1978), 201-202.

"Chester Arthur Franklin Biography," the Black Archives of Mid-America in Kansas City.

Charles E. Coulter, Take Up the Black Man’s Burden: Kansas City’s African American Communities, 1865-1939 (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2006), 108.

Henry C. Haskell and Richard B. Fowler, City of the Future: A Narrative History of Kansas City, 1850-1950 (Kansas City, MO: F. Glenn, 1950), 36-40.

The History of the Kansas City Call,” the Black Archives of Mid-America in Kansas City.

Jason Roe
Historical date: 
Tuesday, May 6, 1919

About the Author

Jason Roe is a digital history specialist at the Kansas City Public Library, content manager and editor for the Civil War on the Western Border website, and the author of the Library's popular "This Week in Kansas City History" column. Prior to joining the Library, he earned his Ph.D. in American history from the University of Kansas in May 2012. While at KU, he was named the 2011-2012 Richard and Jeanette Sias Graduate Fellow at the Hall Center for the Humanities, and he received the History Department's 2012 George L. Anderson Award for Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation for his work, "From the Impoverished to the Entitled: The Experience and Meaning of Old Age in America since the 1950s." He enjoys tackling a wide variety of projects relating to U.S. and local history.

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